Project Payment is finance department matter?
No, thats on project dept scope. If you know project management by PMI, payment included in cost area from 10 area project management. Project person should monitor and controling payment for smooth projects progress. Contractors will chase you if they have not getting payment as scheduled, and can affect on delaying project progress.
How to monitor payment?
You must know step-by step of invoicing process from site progress report untill money transfered to venddors bank account. From each process you can addressed some issue and try to fix that.
Today we have many technology to help us to do this in easiest way. There are SAP, shared outstanding payment file, and customizeed android app that we can check every time. We can put standard operation rocedure for payment on that tools. If we delay in one step of payment process more than time frame we can push to the responsible person to them by automatic notification, if no response the ntification will send to their superior. If ther a problem with invoice document, all the document should send back to contractors with required informations to fix that.
When you plan to put a civil asistant in the site, there is a guide to know you have enough civil asistant or not.
Area covered by civil asistant idealy is every 5 000 ha, there is a civil asistant. You can put civil asistant to cover more than one estates.
2. New Project value covered
How much building and infrastructur project will you build there? If you will build 200 houses and 200 bridges for 10 years. If your house value Rp. 300 mio each and bridge Rp 200 mio each. Total in 10 years you will spent RP. 100 bio. That means every year you spent about 10 mio. If you only put one civil asistant, he will overwhelmed. Ideally one asistant handle Rp 5 bio every year.
You can add more asistant to supervising, or spread the project timeline, or add more foreman.
3. Maximum distance
Civil asistant facilitated with motorcycle as operational vehicle. If distance from one project site to other site more than 3 hours, what can you expect for works quality will as good as project with full supervision?
4. Maintenance works
How many maintenance work need civil asistant there? road maintenance, building maintenance? if there is no new project, we still need small number of asistant to do maintenance works. It is why in some plantation company, the call civil assistant as resident engineer.
Tender process should handle by special departments, in my company it is procurement and constracts. But for the process they will involve small team (tender committeee) to negosiate and decide which best vendor they choose for do the works (tender winner).
Here is the stage :
1. Request for quotations from contractors. If they want to participate, contractorss must do site visit.
2. Internal meeting to see how to process the tender
3. Technical Clarification to ask contractors how they calculate, if find mistake ask them to revise
4. final negosiation and awarding contract to the right candidate. Score based on the cost, experience, finance capacity, technical ability etc.
What project report do you have?
- Monthly report
- Annual report
- Audit Report
We need that as our monitoring and evaluation.
How to control the project while the site thousands kilometers away from us, in many seperate area that cellphone have no signal? yes, thats plantations company project challenge.
If we using monthly or weekly report project thats was not enugh to control project activity in the site. We need daily activities in real time.
The solutions is technology. Now we can use whatsapp group, bbm group or line group to monitor our project. as simple as we chat to our family member. No signal? you can use wifi in estates to send messages, picture even call or video call using it as free. Why we protect our wifi for such useful things.
I have group to monitor my civil asistant activity daily, track project and do control actions. Do you?
Why need bulking?
To unloading CPO and kernel to the barge. We know, barge is the cheapest way to transport thing. We can sell CPO and kernel and send that using our bulking. How many trucks to transport lets says 3000 Ton CPO? how many days need?
CPO bulking in Indonesia clasify as Tersus (terminal Khusus), need operational license from Ministry of Transportation.
The facility in bulking depend on design criteria, what we will do in bulking?
Here is general facility for bulking
- CPO tank
- Boiler house
- Jetty, trestle, dolphin
- Kernel Crushing Plant (for kernel processing)
- Refinery (for refinery unit)
- Bea Cukai Office (for export material)
- Packaging (for package product)
The fastest structure to build:
1. Nestable Flange & MPPA
Note for steel plate culvert like NF and MPPA, it not suitable for acid and salty water. Also it need maintenance periodicaly to prevent rusted
2. Precast concrete culvert (round & box)
Note for this type is we need heavy equipment / supporting tools to load and unload to site.
Land application used to convey POME from palm oil mill to land (block). POME BOD value that can used for LA maximum 5.000. Capacity for LA area/years is 750 Ton. If the rainfall and soil absorbtion condition is normal, my calculation show the land needed is 5 Ha/TPH mill capacity.
Design needed :
- Flatbed dimeension and overflow gutter, depend on the countour and soil conditions.
- Pumps capacity and head, calculate using distance and volume
- Piping selection diameter and materials.
Maintenance and Repairing Work
Civil engineer (asistant) in estates have scope of works to maintane and repair facilities like housing, roads, bridges, mill or bulking facility. Whatt is maintenance : works do to keep facility in optimum conditions before its broken.
Whatt is repairing : activity to repair facility after broken and back to initial conditions.
Requirement of Maintenance
Maintenance should do periodically. Budget of maintenance works provided every years based on schedule of maintenance. How to arrange schedule of maintenance?
First we must know design criteria for our facilities. Example : septictank volume 1 m3 will full in 4 years and need to be taken out, wall coating need to repainting after 2 years. So we can also estimate the cost for maintenance.
How about repairing?
Repairing cost seems can not to be estimated. But we actualy can estimate the cost.
Here the example : From our experience data, this year 5% of door lock all housing was broken because of usage. So, next year we can budgeting 5 % cost of door lock. The same way for maintenance access road. If 15% area was sinking in rain season and need to fill by stone again we must budgeting for next year. Even we try to put all the risk for repairing, we can not address all. The important think is, every time you have broken facilities you must make report form and asking the money for repairing.
Who is Responsible?
Facility User is responsible for any deffect in their facilities. User must report the list of broken facilities and what need to repair send to civil asistant to verivy. After verivied, additional budget cost can be approved by General affair.